Mamluk History and Culture


For an overview of conference papers, seminars, and lectures, click here.

Forthcoming etc.:

J. Van Steenbergen & P. Wing, The Mamluk Empire (Edinburgh History of Islamic Empires) Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press (in preparation)

The Process of late medieval State Formations. Integration, Negotiation, and Political Order across fifteenth-century Eurasia – Parallels, Connections, Divergences (in preparation – proceedings from conference 10-12/9/’14) 

G. Van Den Bossche, "The Maghribī Vizier and the Haughty Copt: On Narrative Stereotypes and Anti-Dhimmī Polemics in Mamluk Chronicles" (submitted for publication)

F. De Block, . “De muwaqqit in 14de eeuws Syrie en Egypte – Tussen religieus geleerde en wetenschapper?” Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse maatschappij voor taal- en letterkunde en geschiedenis: Handelingen LXIX

K. D'hulster, "The Road to the Citadel as a Chain of Opportunity. Mamluks’ careers between contingency and institutionalization", in The Process of late medieval State Formations

J. Van Steenbergen, & M. Termonia, "State Formation, Military Entrepreneurship, and Waqfisation in the Sultanate of Cairo: the case of the court office of the raʾs nawba, 1412-1468" (in preparation)

J. Van Steenbergen & St. Van Nieuwenhuyse, "Justice, Violence, and Truth in the late medieval Sultanate of Cairo. Qurqumās al-Shaʿbānī (d. 1438) and the Formation of Sultan Barsbāy’s State (1422-1438)" (submitted for publication)

J. Van Steenbergen, "Al-Maqrīzī’s History of the Ḥajj (al-Dhahab al-Masbūk) and Khaldūnian Narrative Construction: towards a macro-structural textual analysis of form and meaning", in Mamluk Historiography Revisited, Ed. Stephan Conermann (Bonn & Göttingen: Bonn University Press & V&R Unipress GmbH) (in press)

J. Van Steenbergen, "Revisiting the Mamlūk Empire. Political Action, Relationships of Power, Entangled Networks, and the Sultanate of Cairo in late medieval Syro-Egypt" in The Mamluk Sultanate and its Neighbours, Eds. Reuven Amitai & Stephan Conermann (Bonn & Göttingen: Bonn University Press & V&R Unipress GmbH) (in press)

J. Van Steenbergen, P. Wing & K. D'hulster, "The Mamlukization of the Mamluk Sultanate? State Formation and the History of Fifteenth Century Egypt and Syria: Part I — Old problems and new trends"  & "Part II —Comparative solutions and a new research agenda" (submitted for publication)

J. Van Steenbergen, Caliphate and Kingship in a fifteenth-century literary history of Muslim leadership and pilgrimage. A Critical Edition, Annotated Translation, and Study of al-Maqrīzī's al-Ḏahab al-Masbūk fī Ḏikr man Ḥağğa min al-Ḫulafāʾ wa-l-Mulūk (Bibliotheca Maqriziana) Leiden: Brill (in press) 

J. Van Steenbergen, "‘Nomen est omen. David Ayalon, the Mamluk Sultanate, and the Rule of the Turks", in Egypt and Syria under Mamluk Rule: Political, Social and Cultural Aspects, ed. A. Levanoni [in press]

K. D'hulster, "Fixed Rules to a Changing Game? Sultan Mehmed II's Realignment of Ottoman-Mamluk Diplomatic Conventions with the International Power Constellation", F. Bauden & M. Dekkiche, Liège Proceedings [in press]



 J. Van Steenbergen, “Appearances of Dawla and Political Order in Late Medieval Syro-Egypt. The State, Social Theory, and the Political History of the Cairo Sultanate (thirteenth-sixteenth Centuries).” History and Society During the Mamluk Period (1250-1517) : Studies of the Annemarie Schimmel Research College II. Ed. Stephan Conermann. Vol. 12. Bonn & Göttingen: Bonn University Press & V&R Unipress GmbH, 2016. 53–88

Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - VIII (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta), Leuven: Peeters Publishers (with K. D’hulster & U. Vermeulen)

V. Adriaenssens & J. Van Steenbergen, "Mamluk Authorities and Anatolian Realities: Jānibak al-Ṣūfī, sultan al-Ashraf Barsbāy and the Story of a Social Network in the Mamluk/Anatolian Frontier Zone, 1435-1438", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society



J. Van Steenbergen,  “‘Mamlukisation’ Between Social Theory and Social Practice: An Essay on Reflexivity, State Formation, and the Late Medieval Sultanate of Cairo.”, ASK WORKING PAPERS 22 (2015)

W. Flinterman and J. Van Steenbergen, “Al-Nasir Muhammad and the formation of the Qalawunid state”, in A. Landau (ed.), Pearls on a String: Art in the Age of Great Islamic Empires (Baltimore and Seattle: The Walters Art Museum and University of Washington Press, 2015) 

P. Wing "Submission, Defiance, and the Rules of Politics on the Mamluk Sultanate's Anatolian Frontier", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (2014)

J. Van Steenbergen, “Caught between Heredity and Merit: Qūṣūn (d. 1342) and the legacy of al-Nasir Muhammad b. Qalawun (d. 1341)”, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies


P. Wing, "Indian Ocean Trade and Sultanic Authority: The nāẓir of Jedda and the Mamluk Political Economy", Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 57 (2014): 55-75

J. Van Steenbergen, "The Flux and Reflux of Mamluk State Formation: reconsidering Mamluk notions of elite, state and empire", Working Paper (Islamic History Commons)


K. D'hulster & J. Van Steenbergen, "Family Matters: The 'Family-In-Law' Impulse in Mamluk Marriage Policy", Annales Islamologiques 47 (2013) (dossier: Histoires de famille, dir. Julien Loiseau): 61-82

K. D'hulster, "Caught Between Aspiration and Anxiety, Praise and Exhortation: An Arabic Literary Offering to the Ottoman Sultan Selîm I", Journal of Arabic Literature 44/2 (2013): 181-239

U. Vermeulen, K. D'hulster & J. Van Steenbergen (eds.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - VII (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 223) (Leuven: Peeters, 2013)

J. Van Steenbergen, "Chapter Nine: Ritual, Politics and the City in Mamluk Cairo: the Bayna l-Qasrayn as a dynamic 'lieu de mémoire' (1250-1382)", in Court Ceremonies and Rituals of Power in Byzantium and the Medieval Mediterranean. Comparative Perspectives, eds. A. Beihammer, S. Constantinou, M. Parani (The Medieval Mediterranean 98) (Leiden: Brill, 2013), pp.  227-276

J. Van Steenbergen, "The early Mamlūk sultanate as a military patronage state: household politics and the case of the Qalāwūnid bayt (1279-1382)", Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 56 (2013): 189-217



 J. Van Steenbergen, "Qalāwūnid discourse, elite communication and the Mamluk cultural matrix: interpreting a 14th-century panegyric", Journal of Arabic Literature 43/1 (2012): 1-28



J. Van Steenbergen, “The amir Yalbughā al-Khāṣṣakī (d. 1366), the Qalāwūnid sultanate, and the cultural matrix of Mamluk society. A re-assessment of Mamluk Politics in the 1360s”, Journal of the American Oriental Society 131/3 (2011): 423-443

J. Van Steenbergen, "On the Brink of a New Era? Yalbugha al-Khassaki (d. 1366) and the Yalbughawiyya", Mamluk Studies Review 15/1 (2011): 117-152


K. D'hulster, "'Sitting with Ottomans and standing with Persians': the Šāhnāma-i Türkī as a highlight of Mamluk court culture", Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras-VI (Leuven: Peeters, 2010), pp. 229-256

J. Van Steenbergen, "'Is Anyone my Guardian ...?' Mamluk Under Age Rule and the Later Qalawunids", al-Masaq 19/1 (2007), pp. 55-65

J. Van Steenbergen, "Mamluk Eunuchs, Habashis and Waqf in the 1340s", in U. Vermeulen & K. D'hulster (eds.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - V (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 169) (Leuven: Peeters, 2007). (click here fore more info)

J. Van Steenbergen, Order out of Chaos: Patronage, Conflict and Mamluk Socio-Political Culture. 1341-1382 (The Medieval Mediterranean:   Peoples, Economies and C  ultures, 400-1453 65) (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 212 p. (click here for more info)

J. Van Steenbergen, "Taqwim al-Buldan al-Misriya (C.U.L. Qq 65): Identifying a late medieval cadastral survey of Egypt", in U. Vermeulen & J. Van Steenbergen (eds.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - IV (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 140) (Leuven: Peeters, 2005), pp. 475-489.

J. Van Steenbergen, "Mamluk Elite on the Eve of an-Nasir Muhammad's death (1341): A Look behind the Scenes of Mamluk Politics", Mamluk Studies Review 9/2 (2005), pp. 173-199

U. Vermeulen & J. Van Steenbergen (eds.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - IV (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 140) (Leuven: Peeters, 2005), 472 p. (click here for more info)

Jo Van Steenbergen, "The Alexandrian Crusade (1365) and the Mamluk Sources : reassessment of the Kitab al-Ilmam of an-Nuwayri al-'Iskandarani (d. 1372 AD)", in K. Ciggaar & H.G.B. Teule (eds.), East and West in the Crusader States. Context - Contacts - Confrontations, III. Acta of the congress held at Hernen Castle in September 2000 , (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 125)(Leuven: Peeters, 2003), pp. 123-137

U. Vermeulen & J. Van Steenbergen (eds.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - III (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 102) (Leuven: Peeters, 2001), 471 p.

J. Van Steenbergen, “The Office of Na’ib as-Saltana of Damascus : 741 - 784/1341 - 1382, a case study”, in U. Vermeulen & J. Van Steenbergen (eds.), Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras - III, (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 102), Leuven: Peeters, 2001, pp. 429 - 448.

J. Van Steenbergen, “The amir Qawsun: Statesman or Courtier ? (720-741 AH/1320 - 1341 AD)”, in Vermeulen & Van Steenbergen (eds.), Egypt and Syria, pp. 449 - 466.

J. Van Steenbergen, “Hajib al-Hujjab : a Case Study of a Military Office in the Administration of Mamluk Damascus (741-784/1341-1382)”, al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean 13 (2001), pp. 97 - 111.

J. Van Steenbergen, “The Political Role of Damascus in the Mamluk Empire. Three events in the period 741/1341-750/1349, imperative for the change of power in Cairo”, Orientalia Lovaniensia Periodica 30 (1999), pp. 113 - 128.